it vast peninsula, covering an area of 780,000 sq km and
linking Asia to Europe through the Sea of Marmara and
Straits of Istanbul and Çanakkale. Across the sea
of Marmara, the triangular shaped thrace is the continuation
of Turkey on the European continent. Anatolia is rectangular
in outline, 1600 km long and 600 km wide. It is characterised
by a central plateau surrounded by chains of mountains
on the north, west and south and a rugged mountainous
region in the east with an average elevation of 1050 m.
The northern Anatolia mountain range,
and the Taurus range in the south, stretch like arcs,
becoming ever dancer in the east. In the west, however,
the mountains descend gently towards the sea.